Covid-19 e indivíduos cegos e com baixa visão

  • Jorlan Fernandes Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)
  • Natália Maria Lanzarini Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)
  • Maria da Glória Souza Almeida Instituto Benjamin Constant (IBC)
  • Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)
Palavras-chave: COVID-19, Deficiência, Cegueira, Baixa visão, Emergência em saúde pública, Inclusão

Resumo

A deficiência visual, que abrange indivíduos cegos e com baixa visão, é uma das principais deficiências relatadas, acometendo cerca de 2,2 milhões de pessoas no mundo, das quais mais de dois terços vivem em países de baixa ou média renda. A pandemia de COVID-19, causada pelo SARS-CoV-2, apresenta-se como um cenário desafiador para essa população vulnerável, com impactos adversos à saúde e adversidades diárias, que poderiam ser evitadas por meio de um planejamento comunitário mais inclusivo. Esses indivíduos, em sua maioria, vão reconhecer o mundo por meio do tato, utilizando as mãos para ler, locomover-se e identificar o mundo à sua volta. Soma-se a esse cenário o fato de que uma parcela importante desses indivíduos possuem múltiplas deficiências, muitas vezes também associadas a comorbidades pré-existentes, com destaque para diabetes mellitus, uma das principais causas de cegueira em adultos. O atual cenário representa não só um desafio para indivíduos cegos e com baixa visão, mas uma oportunidade para o desenvolvimento de estratégias inclusivas em saúde.

Biografias dos Autores

Jorlan Fernandes, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)

Doutor em Ciências pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz).

Natália Maria Lanzarini, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)

Doutoranda em Saúde Pública e Meio Ambiente pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz).

Maria da Glória Souza Almeida, Instituto Benjamin Constant (IBC)

Doutora em Literatura pela Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro (PUC-Rio).

Elba Regina Sampaio de Lemos, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz)

Doutora em Medicina Tropical pela Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (Fiocruz).

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Publicado
2021-05-28
Como Citar
FERNANDES, J.; LANZARINI, N. M.; ALMEIDA, M. DA G. S.; LEMOS, E. R. S. DE. Covid-19 e indivíduos cegos e com baixa visão. Benjamin Constant, v. 27, n. 62, p. 1-13 e276203, 28 maio 2021.
Seção
Ensaios e Revisões de Literatura